Expanded History, Culture, and Community Arts References

AHMED, S. 2004. The Cultural Politics of Emotion, Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press.

ALTINK, H. 2004. “To Wed O Not to Wed?”:  The Struggle to Define Afro-Jamaican relationships, 1834 – 1838. Journal of Social History, 38, 81 – 111.

AMIDON, C. 2004. From Jamaica to the Diaspora. Small Axe, 16, 100 – 118.

AUSTIN-BROOS, D. 2009. Jamaica, the Caribbean, Africa: Some Oppositions and Their Politics. In: LEVY, H. (ed.) The African-Caribbean Worldview and the Making of Caribbean Society. Jamaica/Barbados/Trinidad and Tobago: Univerity of the West Indies Press.

AUSTIN-BROOS, D. J. 1997. Jamaica Genesis:  Religion and The Politics of Moral Orders, Chicago and London, The University of Chicago Press.

BARRETT, L. E. 2001. African Roots in Jamaican Indigenous Religion The Journal of Religious Thought 35 – 46.

BAILEY, D. A. & HALL, S. (eds.) 1992. Critical Decade: Black British Photography in the 80s, Birmingham: Ten.8.

BELL, V. 1999. Performativity and belonging – An introduction. Theory Culture & Society, 16.

BERLIN, I. 1994. Africa and Africans in the Making of the Atlantic World, 1400-1680 – Thornton, J. William and Mary Quarterly, 51, 544-547.

BURTON, R. D. E. 1997. Afro-Creole: Power, Opposition, and Play in the Caribbean, New York, Cornell University Press.

CANNON, K. G. 2008a. Christian imperialism and the transatlantic slave trade. Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion, 24, 127-134.

CATEAU, H. & PEMBERTON, R. 2006. Beyond Tradition: Reinterpreting the Caribbean Historical Experience, Kingston/Miami, Ian Randle Publishers.

CHEVANNES, B. 2006. Betwixt and Between: An exploration of African-Caribbean Mindscape, Kingston, Ian Randle Publishers.

CONTEH-MORGAN, J. & OLANIYAN, T. 2004. African Drama and Performance, Bloomington and Indianapolis, Indiana University Press.

DAVIES, C. A. 1999. Reflexive Ethnography: A Guide for Researching Selves and Others, London and New York, Routledge.

DICK, D. 2002. Rebellion to Riot.  The Jamaican Church in Nation Building, Kingston Ian Randle Publishers.

FRYER, P. 1984. Staying Power: The History of Black People in Britain. London: Pluto Press.

GERZINA, G., 2003. Black Victorians/Black Victoriana, New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.

GILROY, P. 2000. Between Camps:  Race, Identity, and Nationalism at the End of the Colour Line, Allen Lane, The Penguin Press.

GORDON, L. R., SHARPLEY-WHITING, T. & WHITE, R. T. (eds.) 1996. Fanon: A Critical Reader, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers Ltd.

GOTTSCHILD, B. D. 1996. The Africanist Presence in American Performance, Dance and Other Contexts, Westport, Connecticut/London, Praeger.

GRAY, O. 2004. Demeaned but Empowered:  The Social Power of the Urban Poor in Jamaica, Jamaica, Barbados, Trinidad and Tobago, University of the West Indies Press.

HARRISON, P. C. 1997. The Crisis of Black Theatre Identity. African American Review, 31, 567-578.

HARRISON, P. C. 1972. The Drama of Nommo, New York Grove Press Inc.

HARRISON, P. C., WALKER III, V. L. & EDWARDS, G. 2002. Black Theatre: Ritual Performance in the African Diaspora, Philadelphia, Temple University Press.

HARTLEY, L. 2004. Somatic Psychology: Body, Mind and Meaning, London and Philadelphia, Whurr Publishers.

HARTMAN, S. 2007. Lose Your Mother, a Journey Along the Atlantic Slave Route, New York Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

HOBSON, J. 2005. Venus in the Dark: Blackness and Beauty in Popular Culture, New York and London, Routledge.

HYLTON, C. 2011. Black Families in Britain as the Continuing Site of Struggle. Oxford

University, Oxford Symposium on The August 2011 Riots: Context and Responses [podcast ] October 2011. Available at:

HUTTON, C. 2007. The Creative Ethos of the African Diaspora:  Performance Aesthetics and the Fight for Freedom and Identity. Caribbean Quarterly, 53, 127 – 149.

HYLTON, C. 1999. African Caribbean Community Organisations: Trentham Books Ltd.

LEWIS, G. K. 1968. The Growth of the Modern West Indies, New York and London, Modern Reader Paperbacks.

LEWIS, G. K. 1983. Main currents in Caribbean Thought:  The Historical evolution of Caribbean Society in its ideological aspect, 1492, Maryland, Johns Hopkins University Press.

LOWER Briggate Rail Bridge, Train Crash. [online] Available at:

MANNING, P. 1981. the Enslavement of Africans: A Demographic Model. Canadian Journal of African Studies/Revue Canadienne des Etudes Africaines, 15, 499 – 526.

MOHAMMED, P. (ed.) 2001. The Emergence of a Caribbean Iconography in the Evolution of Identity, Jamaica/Barbados/Trinidad & Tobago: University of the West Indies Press

MOORE, B. & JOHNSON, M. A. 2004. Neither Led nor Driven:  Contesting British Cultural Imperialism in Jamaica, Kingston University of the West Indies Press.

MOTEN, F. 2003. In the Break:  The Aesthetics of the Black Radical Tradition, Minneapolis/London, University of Minnesota Press.

MYERS, N.1996. Reconstructing The Black Past, Blacks in Britain C 1780-1830: Studies in

Slave and Post-Slave Societies and Cultures Series, Frank Cast.

NETTLEFORD, R. 1998. Discourse on Rastafarian Reality. Chanting Down Babylon, The Rastafari Reader. Kingston Ian Randle Publishers.

OCHIENG, B.N.M. &  HYLTON, C. 2010. Black Families in Britain as the Site of Struggle,
Manchester: Manchester Press.

PERKINS, A. K. 2010. Justice as Equality:  Michael Manley’s Caribbean Vision of Justice, New York/Washington, D.C.-Baltimore/Bern/Franfurt/Berlin/Brussels/Vienna/Oxford, Peter Lang.

PHILLIPS, T.  & PHILLIPS, M. 1999. Windrush, The Irresistible Rise of Multi-Racial Britain.
London: HarperCollins.

PRED, A. 2001. Unpeakable Spaces racisms past and present on exhibit in Stockholm, or the unaddressable addressed. City & Society, XIII, 119 – 159.

SMITH, L. 2008. ‘In-between Spaces’: An Investigation into the Embodiment of Culture in Contemporary Dance. Reseach in Dance Education 9, 79 – 86.

TATE, S.L. 2001. Aspects of Leeds, Discovering Local History V. 3. Wharncliffe Books.

TATE, S. A. 2009. Black Beauty: Aesthetics, Stylization, Politics, Leeds, UK, Ashgate.

THOMAS, D. A. 2004. Modern Blackness:  Nationalism, Globalization and the Politics of Culture in Jamaica, Durham & London Duke University Press.

THOMAS, D. A. 2004. Modern Blackness:  Nationalism, Globalization, and the Politics of Culture in Jamaica, Durham & London, Duke University Press.

TURNER, B. 2006. Body. Theory, Culture & Society 23, 223.

TURNER, V. 1987. The Anthropology of Performance, New York, PAJ Publication.

WARNER-LEWIS, M. 2003. Central Africa in the Caribbean:  Transcending Time, Transforming Cultures, Barbados/Jamaica/Trinidad & Tobago, University of the West Indies Press.

WEBSTER, C. M. 2009. Rubber Meets the Road:  Community Arts Activism and Cultural Hegemony. Community Arts Network. Online Journal.

WELSH-ASANTE, K. (ed.) 1998. African Dance: An Artistic, Historical, and Philosophical Inquiry, Trenton New Jersey/Asmara, Eritrea: Africa World Press, Inc.

WEST, C. S. T. 2005. Black Bodies in Dance Education: Charting a New Pedagogical Paradigm to Eliminate Gendered and Hypersexualized Assumptions. The Journal of Dance Education.

YANCY, G. 2008. Black Bodies, White Gazes:  The Continuing Significance of Race, Lanham/Boulder/New York/Toronto/Plymouth, UK, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.

YANCY, G. 2005. Whiteness and the Return of the Black Body. Journal of Speculative Philosophy, 19.

YOUNG, K. 2002. The Memory of the Flesh: The Family Body in Somatic Psychology. Body & Society, 8, 25 – 47